Industrial furnaces and ovens

HOBERSAL – Heat Treatment Furnaces: 

Heat treatment furnaces are essential industrial equipment used to alter the physical and chemical properties of materials, primarily metals. These furnaces facilitate processes such as annealing, quenching, tempering, and sintering. By precisely controlling temperature and atmosphere, heat treatment furnaces enhance material properties like hardness, strength, ductility, and resistance to wear. They are widely used in industries including aerospace, automotive, manufacturing, and toolmaking. Advanced features like programmable control systems, uniform heating zones, and atmosphere regulation ensure consistent and high-quality results in the heat treatment process

Heat treatment 

Vacuum furnace PR-V

Retort furnaces to work under vacuum and modified atmosphere up to 1150ºC for sintering applications

HCV-CCH Retort furnace

Retort furnaces to work under modified atmosphere up to 1150ºC for sintering applications

Conoce nuestra historia y equipo.

HCV42/13 3CX

Heat treatment oven up to 1300ºC, 3 chambers and foot-operated pneumatic opening

HCV Series

Industrial furnaces up to 1400ºC  from 56 litres to 2000 litres for heat treatment applications

Industrial ovens 

Industrial ovens up to 800ºC

PR Series

Muffle furnace up to 1400ºC, pantograph side door

HCV AC Series (Forced Air Circulation)

Forced air circulation industrial furnace up to 1150ºC (According to AMS2750E regulations) Aerospace and automitive applications

Muffle furnace + Protective Gas Box

Muffle furnaces with Protective Gas Boxes for working under protective, inert atmosphere, nitriding and carburising salts.

ATF Series

Heat treatment, quenching and annealing oven in a controlled atmosphere up to 1150ºC

HB Series

Tilting heat treatment, quenching and annealing oven in a controlled atmosphere up to 1150ºC

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Cooling platforms

Cooling platform for heat treatment with forced air cooling

Process control and Documentation

Hobersal offers a wide range of controllers for every type of application and process needs.

Heat Treatment Furnaces: Overview and Description

Heat treatment furnaces are essential in the industrial processes used to alter the physical and sometimes chemical properties of a material, most often metals. The primary purpose of heat treatment is to improve the material’s performance by manipulating its microstructure. Here’s a detailed description of heat treatment furnaces:

Types of Heat Treatment Processes

  1. Annealing: Involves heating the material to a specific temperature and then cooling it slowly. This process softens the material, making it more workable and reducing internal stresses.
  2. Quenching: Heating the material to a high temperature and then rapidly cooling it, usually in water or oil. This increases the hardness and strength of the material.
  3. Tempering: Follows quenching and involves reheating the material to a lower temperature to reduce brittleness and achieve a balance between hardness and ductility.
  4. Normalizing: Heating the material above its critical temperature and then allowing it to cool in air. This process refines the grain structure and improves the material’s mechanical properties.
  5. Case Hardening: Includes processes like carburizing and nitriding, where the surface layer of the material is hardened while the core remains softer, enhancing surface wear resistance.

Types of Heat Treatment Furnaces

  1. Batch Furnaces:
    • Box Furnaces: Have a rectangular heating chamber and are used for treating small to medium-sized parts. Suitable for a wide range of heat treatment processes.
    • Pit Furnaces: Cylindrical furnaces where parts are lowered into the heating chamber from the top, used for long parts like shafts.
  2. Continuous Furnaces:
    • Belt Furnaces: Feature a conveyor belt that moves parts through different heating zones, suitable for high-volume production.
    • Pusher Furnaces: Parts are pushed through the furnace on trays, ideal for treating large batches continuously.
  3. Vacuum Furnaces:
    • Application: Provide a controlled environment free from oxidation, ideal for processes like brazing, sintering, and annealing of metals that are sensitive to atmospheric contamination.
    • Features: Capable of achieving high temperatures with precise control, ensuring clean and high-quality surface finishes.
  4. Atmosphere Furnaces:
    • Application: Use controlled atmospheres (inert gases, reducing gases) to prevent oxidation and contamination during heat treatment.
    • Types: Include endothermic and exothermic atmosphere furnaces, commonly used for carburizing and nitriding.
  5. Induction Furnaces:
    • Application: Use electromagnetic induction to heat materials quickly and efficiently, often used for surface hardening.
    • Features: Provide rapid heating and precise control, reducing energy consumption and processing time.
  6. Salt Bath Furnaces:
    • Application: Use molten salts to transfer heat to the material, providing uniform heating and rapid quenching.
    • Features: Excellent for processes requiring fast heat transfer and consistent temperature control, such as martempering and austempering.

Key Features and Components

  1. Heating Elements: The source of heat in the furnace, made from materials like Kanthal, nichrome, or graphite, chosen based on the required operating temperature and atmosphere.
  2. Thermocouples: Sensors used to measure and control the temperature inside the furnace, ensuring precise heat treatment cycles.
  3. Insulation: Materials lining the furnace chamber to retain heat and improve energy efficiency. Common materials include ceramic fiber, refractory bricks, and insulating boards.
  4. Control Systems: Advanced controllers regulate the heating elements, monitor temperature profiles, and ensure the repeatability of heat treatment cycles. Modern systems often include programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and computer interfaces.
  5. Atmosphere Control: Systems to introduce and maintain specific atmospheres within the furnace, critical for processes that require protection from oxidation or other atmospheric reactions.

Applications of Heat Treatment Furnaces

  1. Aerospace: Treatment of components like turbine blades, landing gear, and structural parts to achieve the required strength and durability.
  2. Automotive: Hardening and tempering of gears, crankshafts, and other critical engine and drivetrain components.
  3. Tool and Die: Hardening of cutting tools, dies, and molds to enhance wear resistance and lifespan.
  4. Medical: Heat treatment of implants and surgical instruments to achieve biocompatibility and mechanical strength.
  5. General Manufacturing: Broad applications in the treatment of fasteners, bearings, and other mechanical parts requiring specific material properties.

Advantages of Heat Treatment Furnaces

  • Precise Temperature Control: Ensures consistent and reliable heat treatment results.
  • Versatility: Capable of performing a wide range of heat treatment processes.
  • Scalability: Suitable for both small-scale and large-scale production.
  • Improved Material Properties: Enhances hardness, strength, ductility, and resistance to wear and corrosion.

In summary, heat treatment furnaces are integral to numerous industries, providing the necessary thermal processes to enhance the properties and performance of materials, particularly metals. Their ability to precisely control temperature and atmosphere makes them versatile and essential tools in modern manufacturing.